Urine Leakage and Incontinence

Urine leakage and stress incontinence is a surprisingly common problem in both men and women. Millions of people all over the country suffer from this condition, so being aware of the facts and possible incontinence treatments is critical.

What Is Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence causes, symptoms and treatment

Urinary incontinence causes, symptoms and treatment

Incontinence is a condition where the bladder unintentionally leaks urine. There are two types of incontinence which cause urine leakage – stress incontinence, where urine leaks out if the bladder is put under pressure, for example when coughing or laughing, and urge incontinence, during which a sudden need to pass urine will be experienced. Some people may have both types of incontinence.

What Are The Causes Of Urine Leakage?

Stress incontinence is often the result of a weakened pelvic floor while urge incontinence usually has a different cause as overactive detrusor muscles cause it. The main factors which have been found to cause incontinence include pregnancies and vaginal deliveries, excess weight gain, aging or family history and genetics.

How To Diagnose Urinary Incontinence

While suffering from these symptoms may be embarrassing, it is important to see a doctor to be able to control the problem. A medical practitioner will ask about any symptoms you are experiencing and may need to perform a pelvic examination on female patients or a rectal examination on men. It may be helpful to keep a diary which documents your symptoms, how frequently you urinate and how much fluid you consume.

Treatments For Incontinence

Pelvic Floor Muscle ExercisesIn the first instance, to try to reduce the symptoms being experienced, it is wise to attempt to lose weight if you are obese and to cut down on the consumption of known trigger substances such as alcohol and caffeine. You could also benefit from learning some pelvic floor exercises which will help to strengthen the muscles around the bladder.
Bladder training may be able to help, and you could seek the advice of a specialist. This practice involves waiting for longer periods of time before passing urine. At the same time, you may benefit from using incontinence pads or urine collection bottles to enable you to manage the condition. A doctor may also be able to prescribe certain medications which can help. In severe cases, there are surgical procedures which may strengthen the muscles in the area, reduce pressure on the bladder, enlarge the bladder or even help to control the detrusor muscles.

Can Incontinence Be Prevented?

While it is not always possible to prevent this condition, you can try to limit your chances of developing the problem by maintaining a healthy weight, cutting back on alcohol and by ensuring your pelvic floor muscles are kept strong and healthy.